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从病假到生理假,各式「请假英文」一次学

2020-06-17

从病假到生理假,各式「请假英文」一次学「请假」的基本句型

可以用来表达「请假」的句型很多种,可以使用下列四种:

take…leave / day (off)

request…leave / day (off)

ask for…leave / day (off)

be on…leave / day (off)

那这几种句型该如何应用在不同的假上呢?我们继续往下看。

各种不同的假别怎幺说

① sick leave/day (off) 请病假

I took two days’ sick leave last week because of the flu.(我上礼拜因为流感请了两天的病假。)

Sorry. I can’t help you. I’m on sick leave today.(抱歉。我帮不上忙。我今天请病假。)

I would like to take a sick day off today due to my allergies acting up.(我今天想要请病假,因为我过敏开始发作了。)

另外,「打电话去请病假」可以说 call in sick (to work/school)(向公司 / 学校请病假)。例如:

② personal leave/day (off) 请事假

其实事假就是因为「个人因素」而请的假,所以会直接说 personal leave/day (off) 。如:

Jonathan asked for a week off for personal leave.(Jonathan 请了一星期的事假。)

I need to take a personal day off today.(我今天要请事假。)

③ maternity leave/paternity leave 请产假 / 陪产假

请产假分成两种,一是女生要生产的 「产假」 会说:maternity leave,若是先生要陪太太生产的 「陪产假」 则会用 paternity leave。例如:

Gloria is on maternity leave since she just gave birth last week.(Gloria 现在请产假,因为她上星期刚生产完。)

④ annual leave 年假

Our boss is giving us an extra three days’ annual leave this year.(今年老闆给我们额外三天的年假。)

⑤ paid / unpaid leave 有薪假 / 无薪假

面试完你可能会跟朋友说:
They offered me 10 days’ paid leave.(他们给我十天的有薪假。)

描述「某段时间」需要请假

I need to take three days off from work from next Wednesday to next Friday because I have to go to the hospital to take care of my mom.
(我下星期三到下星期五需要请三天的假,因为我必须到医院照顾我妈妈。)

若是请半天假,可以说 take the morning off(请早上的假)或是 take the afternoon off(请下午的假)。

*VO 小补帖:

如果是因为经痛而请的「生理假」,可以用 period leave,或更正式一点的 menstrual leave 喔!


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